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The Omoplata is, in definition, a shoulder lock with one’s legs. Omoplata in Portuguese literally translates to “Shoulder lock.” Although this position is popular today, it was not always so. It was first introduced to Brazil in the 1930s from either Judo or Catch Wrestling – the origin is not known. It was considered too complicated and not very effective; the submission style position was still taught throughout academies. In the early 1970s, the move was ruled as a submission only technique and was not allowed as a set up for sweeps.
Nowadays this position is much more popular and utilized.
Entries into the Omoplata
One of the most popular entries into the Omoplata position is from the full guard. After we break our opponent’s posture, we need to trap at least one arm so their hand is outside of our body. It is important to maintain this position. With the same-side hand control your opponent’s wrist and ensure it stays on your hip. With your other hand hold above the elbow of that same-side arm.
With the arm secured I like to open my guard, and place my feet on the hips. I push off the hip of the opposite side of the arm I am controlling, and at the same time throw my other leg up towards their shoulder. The foot that pushed off the hip can also be used on the mat to help you turn so that you can turn a full 180 degrees.
The whole time maintaining that control of the arm. First with the wrist, then as you turn fully, using your body to hold the hand in place. That near side hand will stretch over the back of your opponent to ensure they do not roll out of the position (a natural counter).
Cross the feet, and straighten your legs to keep the pressure on the shoulder, and to keep your opponent face down.
Another great entry comes from the rubber guard. The rubber guard position was made popular by 10th Planet’s founder, Eddie Bravo. The rubber guard also comes from the full guard position and is used as a great form of control. The position includes, like previously, a broken-down posture, and an arm trapped on the outside of the bottom player’s body. That same side leg is over top of the opponent and held in place with the opposite arm.
The guard player will then transition their arm to the other side of their opponent’s head, re-gripping the leg with that same supinated grip. The other foot should be on your opponent’s hip. From this position, we can see how the Omoplata will come. Your opponent will fear the foot crossing their face for a potential Gogoplata attempt, or just the uncomfortable pressure of the position. The reaction is to move away from the pressure. With this, let go of the leg, turn your body, and shoot your leg forward, pushing your opponent into position.
Like before, maintain the arm position, and straighten your crossed legs in order to keep them face down, and ready for the kill.
How to Finish the Omoplata
So, the traditional finish from this position is to S-mount the legs, and lean forward. Sitting back, we can keep the hand pinch in the hip pocket. It is easiest to flatten your opponent completely first. With the hand that is across their back and on the hips, scoot your butt away, keeping your feet planted, and pull their hips, flattening them out.
From here it becomes easy to bend your back leg first, then with your free hand, grab your shin of the leg that is holding the lock, and pull it back so your foot connects with your other knee. In a diagonal direction, bring your head over your opponent’s head, and get the tap.
A common defence to the Omoplata is to sit back and posture up. As long as the Omoplata is maintained, we can still finish our opponent from here.
Keep your legs locked in a figure-four. Hip out, and slide down your opponent’s arm slightly, this will maintain the lock. As your opponent tried to move around this will make it easier to move with them.
Reach up towards the collar with your outside hand to their opposite side collar, across their neck. With your near side hand under-hook their outside arm. Keep hipping out and reach this hand deeper. The goal is to come deep under their arm and behind their neck. This will tighten the choke that your other grip on the collar is producing, and this will earn you the tap.
How to Sweep with the Omoplata
Along with finishes, the Omoplata is a great position to use in order to get a sweep. A great sweep from the Omoplata comes off of a counter to your opponent’s counter.
Sometimes, when someone is setting up the Omoplata before you can throw your arm across your opponent’s back to prevent them from rolling, they used the space as an opportunity to jump over you. So, instead of rolling forward over their shoulder, they will get up on their toes, and jump over your head to the other side of your body, and obtain side control.
As they jump over you, hook a hand on your opponent’s leg, and allow their momentum to carry you over. This will reverse the position, and once you are top, straighten your leg to clear the arm, and secure tight side control.
The world of instructionals is a bit of a minefield. Unfortunately, the ratio between good and bad is a little skewed, especially when it comes to the Omoplata. However, there is one instructional that really stands out from the rest and that is Bradley Hill’s Omoplata Instructional.
Brad’s nickname is the Omoplata Man and it’s pretty easy to see why. The Braulio Estima black belt knows this position like the back of his hand.
This instructional features 4 chapters –
- Chapter 1: Transitions
- Chapter 2: Finishes
- Chapter 3: Entries
- Chapter 4: Omoplata Bars
Each one of these chapters features around 6 to 8 individual moves that Bradley goes into great detail with.
These instructionals feature some of the highest quality camera work from any instructional I’ve ever watched and also comes at an incredibly reasonable price.
If you’re interested in finding out more about this instructional you can buy it here.
Sweeps from the Omoplata can come from multiple ways, and so will finishes. Start using this position, and you will find yourself in a dominant controlling position that will give your opponents a lot of trouble. The Omoplata has come a long way since the days of thinking it was ineffective, or only a submission position. Men like Clark Gracie, Ryan Hall, and Zack Maxwell have made the Omoplata infamous, and continue to grow the uses for the deadly position.
Clark Gracie – The Master of the Omoplata
This post was originally featured on the now defunct blog Jiu-Jitsu Laboratory.
In the days after the 2013 Pan Jiu Jitsu Championships, pictures of the winner of the middle-weight division were all over some of the biggest websites and news programs in the United States. Appearances on ABC’s Good Morning America and CBS’s Inside Edition soon followed. Rumours of a L’Oreal hair-care sponsorship were bandied about. Okay, that last one isn’t technically true, but it was a bizarre state of affairs that a Jiu Jitsu athlete would reap so much attention. Was the sport finally breaking through to the mainstream?
It would be nice if this was a result of recognition for his win at the Pans. But Clark Gracie’s flirtation with popular recognition stemmed from an unrelated photograph of Gracie applying an omoplata to Ken Primola during the 2012 New York Open that made the rounds on Reddit and Facebook. The Jiu Jitsu Lab got in contact of Clark to ask him about his new-found fame, the pressure of his family name and his signature omoplata game.
“I first saw it the day after I won Pan Tournament when one of my students showed it to me on Reddit.” Clark admitted when asked about how he became aware of the photograph that launched hundreds of image macros across the web. “I thought some of the memes were funny. I believe people, especially non-Jiu Jitsu practitioners, think that it is a very interesting position and for me to be looking so calm is unusual, but actually it is one of the positions that I feel the most comfortable and confident in.”
And Clark Gracie is very comfortable with the omoplata. In the highlight video that accompanies this article, you’ll see him apply the technique from a variety of positions, most commonly the closed guard and the leg-lasso variation of the spider guard. The Jiu Jitsu Lab is interested in studying the omoplata being the main attack in a high-level competition game, so it seemed natural to focus on Clark. Gracie utilizes more than his omoplata, however. He also has a great footlock and other attacks. But the omoplata has been an instrumental part of his success and what we’re choosing to focus on in this article.
To set up his attacks, there’s two main positions Clark seems to prefer. For example, he’ll go to closed guard against opponents that he knows have a dangerous passing game. From this position he often uses the omoplata as his opponent stands to break the position, getting the cross-grip on the sleeve and shooting his hips high to secure the leg triangle on the shoulder. You’ll see this sequence play out after he pulls a tight closed guard, such as in his first meeting with Andre Galvao at the 2011 Abu Dhabi Trials.
Alternatively, Clark can be seen pulling a looser open guard, working for the leg lasso. The lasso is a phenomenal position that is re-emerging in the competition scene. It seemed to disappear as the deep half guard craze swept in, followed by the recent de la Riva fanaticism. During this time Gracie has been quietly honing his attacks from the lasso, including a rolling omoplata that has allowed him to finish some tough opponents.
I asked Clark about having a narrow focus for his competition game, specifically about the evolution of his omoplata game. “Honestly, it just evolved naturally, it is a position that I began to find easy when I was a purple belt and kept evolving until now. I do find it good to focus on a certain area of training from time to time to evolve my game. For example this week I have been forcing myself to only try to take the back and finish from there. It seems to be a good way to challenge yourself to evolve in different areas.”
Clark Gracie Spotlight
Clark isn’t the only one with a focused competition game. In his division at the 2013 Pans alone, Leandro Lo, DJ Jackson, Otávio Souza and cousin Kayron Gracie all have highly specific and predictable games that they are able to impose on their opponents. Instead of getting caught up in developing a strategy for each opponent, Clark suggests sticking to your game, “I usually just go in to fight and see what my instincts tell me to do.
Sometimes I go in with a certain strategy, but regardless I think it’s better to know what you want and go for what you are good at to be able to win the match.” This approach makes a great deal of sense. You’re going to be best at what you drill most frequently and what feels most comfortable for you in competition. Often when a position isn’t working right away, however, it’s tempting to deviate from your game.
A great example of this is in the final match of the middle weight division at this year’s Pans. In what was arguably one of the best performances of the tournament, Clark Gracie managed to come back against Marcelo Mafra to win Gold. Going into the final minute of the match, Gracie was down by two points following a sweep. With Mafra working diligently to do nothing, Clark was working hard to pass Mafra’s guard. I asked Clark to describe what happened next.
“At the moment that I was passing his guard, I realized that I would have been able to make points and win the fight there so when I went to get one last grip to secure the position, Marcelo turned over and tried to come to the top. From there my instincts kicked in and I just reacted and found myself in the omoplata.” Clark nearly had the pass, which incidentally would have given him the win, but in a flash of intuition he caught the omoplata as Mafra attempted last-ditch dive for a double leg sweep.
From the omoplata Clark transitioned to a finishing position that involves underhooking the far arm and passing the collar grip to the awaiting choking hand. It’s a position we’ve seen Clark finish the omoplata in many times, involving both the shoulder lock and the collar choke.
“I believe that I have never had anyone escape from that position. It is a position that I developed on my own just from exploring the position and being creative with my Jiu Jitsu.”
It was obvious to Clark that he had the win and allowed himself a “thumbs up” to his coach in celebration. As he pushed an unconscious Marcelo Mafra off of him, Clark ran over to the stands to celebrate his gold medal. The IBJJF recently outlawed such displays, and have disqualified competitors in the past for leaving the mat area in celebration. While not DQ’d, Clark did received a penalty, which did not prevent him from winning the match and appearing on the top of the podium at the second-most prestigious tournament in Jiu Jitsu.
But in Jiu Jitsu competition, things haven’t always gone Clark Gracie’s way. The San Diego Abu Dhabi trials specifically have been a difficult competition for Clark. In 2013, he was choked unconscious by newcomer Magid Hage III. Thankfully that photograph wasn’t the one that went viral. And while many people thought that the decision could have gone to Clark in his match with Andre Galvao in 2011 due to his omoplata sweep attempts, he was defeated by referee’s decision that year. The weight restrictions for the Abu Dhabi trials force natural middleweights to compete with heavier opponents such as Galvao.
In the same tournament in 2012 Clark again attempted an omoplata sweep against Galvao. He lost the arm midway through and came up just holding the leg in a last-ditch attempt to sweep. Galvao nearly took Gracie’s back and ended up passing the guard. About this match, Clark reflects, “I don’t know what I would have done differently, I have been consistently evolving as a competitor and with my physical conditioning, so I may have done things differently. Now that I look back on the two matches, I can see certain techniques that have evolved to be better in my game that I tried to use.” Perhaps he means to refine his constantly evolving omoplata sweep, or other aspects of his game.
The omoplata is one of the most versatile techniques in Jiu Jitsu. It can even be considered a position unto itself. There are many entries, from almost every variation of the guard, and even some entries from the top position. Starting with closed guard, the omoplata can be set up on its own or transitioned to from a failed armbar or triangle. As the guard is opened and we transition to positions like spider guard, the leg lasso, and de la Riva guard, the omoplata is there – ready to take a bite out of our opponent’s shoulders should they give the slightest space.
Once in the omoplata position, it can be a submission such as the many we’ve seen Clark do, it can be used to sweep the opponent forward or back, or used to transition to other submissions such as back to the triangle or even leglocks. The videos that accompany this article will provide evidence for the positions adaptability. It’s also beneficial in open weight contests, as it positions your opponent’s weight beside you instead of pressuring down on top of you.
Dan Lukeheart – de la Riva spider guard with collar grip (aka Dariush guard) – including omoplata details and options
Clark Gracie is one of the most accomplished of the members of his family actively competing. As a Gracie, however, even loses against an all-time great like Andre Galvao, tend to sting more when the pressure of the Gracie name make people judge you more by the accomplishments of the champions that came before you than as an individual competitor.
“It actually was a lot of pressure for me. I feel that it hindered my performance at some times during purple and brown belt competitions. I actually started to feel much better in competition when I won the worlds no-gi in 2009. It was then that I made myself forget about the crowd, my team, my family, and the pressure to win, and just focus on the fight and the opponent in front of me. This mental technique helped me a lot to react the best way I can, I relaxed during the matches and trained as naturally as I do in my academy. For me, this is the best way to compete.”
While most of us don’t have to face that type of scrutiny, as we get better in Jiu Jitsu there is increased pressure that we perform up to the expectations of our teammates, coaches, and most of all, ourselves. The best way to achieve to your full potential is to put yourself mentally in the same place as when you train. This takes a great deal of experience and is something with which many of us still struggle.
Lastly, I asked Clark where people could reach him for seminars, and who his sponsors are, “I travel often around the world for seminars when I’m not training for major competitions. I can be contacted via my website at clarkgracie.com or email at firstname.lastname@example.org. I want to send a big thanks to my sponsors that have continued to give me support through the years Fighter Tech, Supertubos, Shoyoroll, Açai Roots, and Clinch Gear.”